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Kaniyan PungundranarPurananuru, Translated by G. We marvel not at the greatness of the great; Still less despise we men of low estate. The colophons accompanying each poem name a total of eleven thinais. Hart and Hank Heifetz p. The commentator Nachinarkiniyaar, of the eleventh — twelfth century Tamil Nadu, has written a complete commentatry on all the poems.
Attruppatai poems purananuuru like travelogues in which poets who were returning with gifts, received from a king, encourage other poets to do the same by describing the glory of the king and his country. Thus have prananuru seen purahanuru visions of the wise! Similarly, songs to are classified as perunthinai or perunkilai thinaiwhich denotes unsuitable love, and deal with King Pekan’s abandonment of his wife. The poems are further classified into thurais. Some of these are parisil thurai when the poet reminds the king or patron of the reward that he promised to him, kalitrutanilai in which the hero dies with the elephant he killed in battle, and so on.
Leave a Reply Cancel reply Enter your comment here Purananuru songs exhibit a unique realism and immediacy not frequently found in classical literature. The poet Kovur Kizhaar address the Chola king Killivalavan to save the lives of the children of a defeated enemy who are about to be executed by being trampled under an elephant.
There purahanuru also a few poems in Purananuruwhich are classified as attruppatais. It is not known exactly how many authors wrote the poems in Purananuru.
Companion studies to the history of Tamil literature. Just as the akam subjective poems are classified into seven thinais or landscapes based on the mood of the poem, the Tamil prosodical tradition mentioned in the ancient Tamil grammatical treatise Tolkappiyam also classifies puram objective poems into seven thinais based on the subject of the poems.
Poem was not assigned any classification, for reasons unknown. Press Syndicate of the University of Cambridge. To find out more, including how to control cookies, see here: Articles with inconsistent citation formats. An Anthology of Poems from. The nature and the subject of the poems lend us to believe that poets did not write these poems on events that happened years prior, rather they wrote or sang them on impulse in situ.
Such was my youth unlesson’d. In sport I moulded shapes of river sand, plucked flowers to wreathe around the mimic forms: The Sages To us all towns are one, all men our kin, Life’s good comes not from others’ gifts, nor ill, Man’s pains and pain’s relief are from within, Death’s no new thing, nor do our blossoms thrill When joyous life seems like a luscious draught.
This suggests that those who compiled this anthology must have made up these names as the authors’ names must have been lost when these poems were collected. This message is particularly important in present with reality show voting and our mentality in appraisal cycles.
Tamil-language literature Sangam literature Tamil philosophy. Descend, the raft goes on as fates ordain. It is from these colophons and rarely from the texts of the poems themselves, that we gather the names of many kings and chieftains and the poets and poetesses patronised by them. Notify me of new posts via email.
And I am worn and OLD! It is more likely that those who collected the anthology applied these puranankru.
Purananuru – Wikipedia
Although there have been attempts at dating the poems of Purananuru based on the mention of the Mahabharata war, a more reliable source for the period of these poems is based on the mentions one finds on the foreign trade and presence of Greek and Roman merchants in the port of Musiri poemwhich give us a date of between BCE to CE for the period of these poems. There is ta,il on the various rulers who ruled the Tamil country before and during the Sangam era.
Views Read Edit View history. You are commenting using your WordPress. This is an obvious anachronism suggesting a king of the early common era Tamil country had a tqmil to play in a mythological battle of the Mahabharata epic. Notify me of new comments via email.
Thus songs 83, 84 and 85 are classified to belong to the kaikkilai thinaiwhich denotes unrequited love, and describe a noblewoman’s love for King Cholan Poravai Kopperunarkilli.
Pothuviyal is described in commentaries as a general thinai used for poems that cannot be classified in any other manner but, in the context of Purananuruis used almost exclusively for didactic verse and elegies or laments for dead heroes. A thurai denotes the locale of the poem giving the situation under which it was written. Tamiil says he is not here for a profit like Merchant who is happy when he receives the price without any cost.
Of the poets who wrote these poems, there are men and women, kings and paupers. For example, Mangudi Kizhaar and Mangudi Maruthanaar could denote the same person. Some of the poems are too damaged in the manuscripts to determine their thurais.
Some of the names of the authors, such as Irumpitarthalaiyaar and Kookaikozhiyaar, seem to be nicknames based on words from the poems rather than proper names. Email required Address never made public. That is self esteem.
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More than poets wrote the poems. This gives an opportunity to the poet, among other topics, to describe in great detail the natural beauty, fertility, and resources of uprananuru territory that has to be traversed to reach the palace of the patron.
I plunged beneath th’ o’erspreading myrtle’s shade, where trees that wafted fragrance lined the shore; then I climbed the branch that overhung the stream while those upon the bank stood wondering; I threw the waters round, and headlong plunged dived tamkl beneath the stream, and rose, my hands filled with the sand that lay beneath!
Talk of the self esteem of this poet.
By continuing to use this website, you agree to their use. The poems at the beginning of purananury book deal with the three major kings CholaChera and Pandya of ancient Tamil Nadu. Retrieved from ” https: