A new, public-domain translation of the Letter to Menoikos of Epicurus, including the original Greek text along with notes on the translation. Letter to Menoeceus By Epicurus. Translated by Robert Drew Hicks. Greeting. Let no one be slow to seek wisdom when he is young nor weary in the search. Letter to Menoeceus. Epicurll«1 (TranAated by Brad Inwo(Jd and L. R Geraon). Let no one delay the study of philosophy while young nor weary of it when old.
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It is the starting-point of every choice and of every aversion, and to it we come back, inasmuch as we make feeling the rule by which to judge of every good thing.
Diderot’s Early Philosophical Works. Destiny which some introduce as sovereign over all things, he laughs to scorn, affirming rather that some things happen of necessity, others by chance, others through our own agency. Accustom yourself to believe that death is nothing to us, for good and epixurus imply awareness, and death is the privation of all awareness; therefore a right understanding that death is nothing to ltter makes the mortality of life enjoyable, not by adding to life an unlimited time, but by taking away the yearning after immortality.
Believe about him whatever may uphold both his blessedness and his immortality.
Letter to Menoeceus / by Epicurus; translated by Robert Drew Hicks
He believes that the misfortune of the wise is better than the prosperity of the fool. Then, is the definition of necessary and necessary unique to each person? This rendering is consistent with the connection that Epicurus makes between such desires and opinions that are not based on an understanding of the inborn requirements of human yo. For the virtues have grown into one with a pleasant life, and a pleasant life is inseparable from them.
For no age is too early or too late for the health of the soul. And to say that the season for studying philosophy has not yet come, or that it is past and gone, is like saying that the season for happiness is not yet or that it is now no more.
And since pleasure is our first and native good, for that reason we do not choose every pleasure whatever, but often pass over many pleasures when a greater annoyance ensues from them. It is, however, by measuring one against another, and by looking at the conveniences and inconveniences, that all these matters must be judged.
When we are pained because of the absence of pleasure, then, and then only, do we feel the need of pleasure. For this reason we call pleasure the alpha and omega of a happy life. Second, train yourself to hold that death is nothing to us, because good and evil consist in sensation, and death is the removal of sensation. While therefore all pleasure because it is naturally akin to us is good, not all pleasure is should epicuris chosen, just as all pain is an evil epicuurs yet not all pain is to be shunned.
An Unpublished Letter of William James. Training yourself to live simply and without luxury brings you complete health, gives you endless energy to face the necessities of life, better prepares you for the occasional luxury, and makes you fearless no matter your fortune in life.
Where is the Harm in Dying Prematurely?
Discussion summary on : Epicurus Letter to Menoeceus
On-line English translation of this summary of Epicurus’ ethics. It is better, in short, that what is well judged in action should not owe its successful issue to the aid of chance.
In the meantime, read Epicrus is Ancient Philosophy?
By licensing this translation under Creative Commons CC0I hereby release all legal and economic rights to this translation under all jurisdictions including but not limited to the rights to copy, republish, translate, arrange, modify, and make derivative works from this translationand I grant anyone the right to use this translation without conditions for any purpose. So practice rpicurus and similar things day and night, by yourself and with a like-minded friend, and you will never be disturbed whether waking or sleeping, and you will live as a god among men: Let no one be slow to seek wisdom when he is young nor weary in the search of it when he has grown old.
Do and practice, then, the things I have always recommended to you, holding them to be the stairway to a beautiful life.
It were better, indeed, to accept the legends of the gods than to bow beneath that yoke of destiny which the natural philosophers have imposed. Not the man who denies the gods worshipped by the multitude, but he who affirms of the gods what the multitude believes about them is truly impious. It is proper to make all these decisions through measuring things side by side and looking at both the advantages and disadvantages, for sometimes we treat a good thing as bad and a legter thing as good.
History of Western Philosophy.
Letter to Menoeceus
For life has no terror; for those who thoroughly apprehend that there are no terrors for them in ceasing to live. Wherefore we call pleasure the alpha and omega of a blessed life.
For he sees that necessity destroys responsibility and that chance is inconstant; whereas our own actions are autonomous, and it is to them that praise and blame naturally attach. Death, therefore, the most awful leyter evils, is nothing to us, seeing that, when we are, death is not come, and, when death is come, we are not. The wise man does not deprecate life nor does he fear the cessation of life. To an addict, at first the narcotics they use are unnecessary and after some time it becomes necessary to them.